Subhadrakumari Chauhan

Swatntra sangram ki sakriye senanai rasthiye chetna ko amar gayika tatah veer rass ki ekmayre hindi kavytiri shree mati subhdrta chahuhan ka janam sann 1904 mei Allahabad k eek sampan pariwar mei hua tha ye prayag ke crossweth girls college ki chatra thi 15 varsh ki awastha mei unka vivah khandava ke thakut lakshman singh chuhan ke sath hua tha vuvah ke baad subhdrta ji ke jeevan mei Naveen mod aaya tha rasthye pita mahatma Gandhi se prabhavhit hokar wo padhayi likhayi chodkar desh sewa ke liye tatpar ho gaye the tatah rasthiye karyo mei sakriye bhag leti rahi thi desh ki swatntrta ke liye inhoine kahi baar jel yatra kit hi subhdra ji ki Jhansi ki rani or veero ka kesa ho vasant shirshak kavitaye aaj tak lakho yuvako ke hridyo meiveerta ki jwala dhdkati rahi hai.

Sahityik tatah rajnitik karyo mei subhdra ko makhanlaal chaturvedi se vishesh protsahan mila is protsahan ke parinaam swaroop inki desh bhakti ka rang or bhi gehra or vyapak ho gaya tha sann 1948 mei ek motor durghtna mei swatntra ki is pujarin ki asamayik mrityu ho gayi thi.

Subhdra ji desh prem ki bhavna ka kavyatmak swar pradan karne wali kavyitri ke roopp mei vikhyat hai unki ojjpurn vani ne bhartiyo mei navchetna ka sanchar kiya hai or bhartiye swatntra sangram mei balidan dene ke liye prerit kiya hai matre Jhansi ki rani sirshak par aadhrit unki kavita hi unhe amar kar dene ke liye paryapt hai veero ka kesa ko vasamnt namak unki kavita bhi rasthiye bhavnaoo ko jagrat kar dene wali isey prakar ki ek anye ojjpurn kavita hai rasthiye bhavnaoo par aadharit kavye ke srijan ke sath hi subhdra ji ne vatsalye bhav par aadharit kavitaoo ki rachna bhi ki hai in kavitaoo mei unka nari sulabh matre bhav darshniye hota hai dampatye prem par adahrit inki pranye bhavna mei vasnatmak bhavo ka sarvatha abhav dristhi gochar hota hai.

Rachnaye

Inki mulhye rachnaye is prakar hai-

Mukul or tridhara sidhe sadhe vivad tatah bikhre moti unmadini mukul kavye sangreh par inhe seksariya puruskar pradan kiya gaya hai.

Subhdra ji ki shelly aka atyant saral or subhoid hai inki rachna sheely mei ojj Prasad opr madhruye bhav se yukt guno ka samanvit roop dekhne ko milta hai rasthiyata par aadhrit inki kavitaoo mei sajeev evem ojjpurn sheely ka prayog hua hai.

Trilochan

Kavi trilochan shastri ka janam uttar prdesh ke sultanpur jile ke katdhara chirani patti mei jagardev singh ke ghar 20 august sann 1917 mei hua tha inka mulnam vasudev singh tha inhone kasha hindu vbishwe vidhyalye se ma ki angreji evem Lahore se Sanskrit mei shastri degree prapt kit hi.

Uttar Pradesh ke chote se gaoo se banaras vishwe vidhyalye tak apne safar mei unhone darjano pustake likhi thi or hindi sahitye ko samriddh kiya tha shastri ji bajarvad ke ghur virodhi the halaki hindi mei prayog dhramita ka samarthan kiya unka kehna tha ki bhasha mei jitney prayog hongy veh utni hi samriddh hogi shastri ji ne hamesha hi navsrijan ko bdhava diya hai veh naye lekhkjao ke liye utprerak the 9 december sann 2007 ko gaziabad mei unka nidhan ho gaya tha.

Trilochan shastri hindi ke atirikt arbi or farsi bhashaoo ke nishanta gyata mane jate hai patrekarita ke shtre mei wo ache kahse sakriye rahe hai unhone prabhakar vanar hans aaj samaj jese patre patrikaoo ka sampadan bhi kiya hai shastri ji ko hindi sahitye ka sadhak mana jata hai unhoine is chand ko bhartiye parivesh mei dhala or lagbhag 550 sonet ki rachana kit hi iske atirikt kahani geet gajal or aalochna ser bhi unhone hindi sahitye ko samriddh kiya hai.