Mahadevi Verma

Shreemati mahadevi verma ka janam sann 1907 mei uttar Pradesh ke suprasiddh nagar farukhabad mei holika dehan ke punye parv ke din hua tha inki mata hemrani sadharan kavyitri thi evem shree krishan mei atut shradha rakhti thi inke nana ko bhi brijbhasha mei kavita karne ka chav tha nana evem mata ke inn guno ka mahadevi par bhi prabhav pada tha noo varsh ki choti umar mei hi inka vivah swaroop Narayan verma se hi ho gaya kintu inhi dino inki mat aka swargvass ho gaya tha mat aka saya sir se uth jane par bhi inhone apna adhyan jari rakha tatah padne mei or adhik man lagaya tha falswaroop inhone metric se lekar ma tak ki parikshaye pratham shreni mei uttrin kit hi bahut samaye tak ye prayag mahila vidhyapith mei pradhancharye pad par karye karti rahi thi.

Sarvpratham oinki rachnaye chand namak patrikamei prakshit huyi iske baad ye chand ki sampadika bhi rahi thi inhe seksariya tatah mangalaprasad puruskar se sammanit kiya gaya bharat sarkar ne inhe padam bhushan ki upadhi se alankrat kiya gaya sann 1983 mei mahadevi ji ko inke kavyegranthyama par gyanpith puruskar prapt hua or isey varsh uttra Pradesh sarkar ne ek lakh rupye ka bharat bharti puruskar dekar inki sahityik sewaoo ka samman kiya gaya tha.

Apne madhur geeto se jan jan ki pyas bhujane wali ye mahan kavyitri 11 september sann 1987 ko sadev ke liye hamse vida ho gayi thi lekin inke geet hamare manas patal par hamesha hamesha gunjate rahengy.

Mahadevi verma vilakshan kavye pratibha se sampan kavyitri thi inhone metric ki pariksha uttrin karne ke pashchat ki kavye rachna prarambh kar di thi inke kavye mei vyakt virah vedna apni bhavnatmak gehnta ke liye adiwituye samghi jati hai isey karan inhe adhunik yug ki meera ke naam se bhi sambhodit kiya jata hai ye chayavadi yug ki kavyatri thi or uske char stambho mei ek thi karuna or bhavukta inke vyaktitav ki pramukh visheshtaye thi inki rachnaoo mei nari sulabh gehan bhavukta or antarmukhi manovrtii ke darshan hote hai isey karan inke dwara rachit kavye mei rehsyevad vedna evem suksham anubhutiyo ke komal evem marmsparshi bhav vyakt huye hai.

Kritiya

Mahadevi ji ki pramukh rachnaye is prakar hai-

Nihar

Rashmi

Nirja

Sandhyegeet

Deepshikha

Iske atirikt atit ke chalchitre smariti ki rekhaye shrinkhla ki kadiya path ke sathi aadi inki gadhye rachnay hai yama naam se inke vishitsh geeto ka sangreh prakashit hua hai sandhini or aadhunik kavi bhi inke gheeto ke sangreh hai.

Padhye ke shetre mei mahadevi verma ki shelly aka vikas dheere dheere hua hai inhone bhavatmak sheely ka prayog kiya jo sanketik evem lakshnik hai ink sheelya mei lakshnik prayogo vyabjana tatah samasheliyo ke karan kahi kahi aspasthta or duruhata bhi aa gayi hai fir bhi veh sarvartre madhur evem komal pratit hoti hai.

Ramnaresh tripathi

Kavita ka aadrsh or suksham sondrye ek sath chitrit karne ke liye ramnaresh tripathi ka janam sann 1889 mei jila jonpur ke antragrat koyripur gram mei ek sadharan krishak pariwarr mei hua tha inke pita pandit ramdatt tripathi ek ishwar bhakt brahman the.

Imhone kevel noovi kaksha tak hi vidhyakye mei shiksha prapt kit hi baad mei swatntra roop se inka adhyamn kiya gaya ttatah sahitye sewa ko apne jeevan ka lakshye banaya tha inko kevel hindi hi nahi varan angreji Sanskrit banagla or gujarati bhashaoo ka bhi accha gyan tha tripathi ji hindi sahitye sammlena prayag ke prachar mantra bhi rahe inhone dakshni rajyo mei hindi ke prahar hetu sarhaniye karye kiya hai. Sahitye ke prati ramnaresh tripathi ki ruche prarambh se hi hai inhe kahi bhashaoo ka acha gyan tha.