Biharilaal Ka Jeevan Parichaye

Krishan bhakt kaviyo mei raskhan ka mehtavpurn sthan hai shree krishan ki bhakti mei purn roop se anurakt hokar hi inhone apni kavitaye likhi hai ye arbi or farsi ke vidvan the raskhan shreekrishan ke ananye premi the isey karan ye delhi ke shahi jeevan ko tyagkar brij ke kunj karilo par nyochavar ho gaye the Inki bhakti gopi bhav kit hi krishan ke baal roop evem yovan ke anek mohak roop raskhan ki kavitaoo mei chitrit huye hai inke kavye mei sanyog evem viyog par aadhrit dono hi paksho ki bhavpurn abhivyakti dekhne ko milti hai shree krishan ki bhakti unki leela bhumi brij tatah brijbhasah mei inka prabal anurag yahi raskhan ka sab kuch tha vastuteh shree krishan pratyek vastu athwa sthan se inka aaghat se prem tha.

Kritiya

Raskhan kea b tak do granth hai raskhan ne apne kavye mei saral or parimarjit sheely ka prayog kiya hai inhone kavita evem asaveyya chnado ke madhyam se apne bhavo ko abhivyakti di hai kavi bihari ji ka janam sann 1603 mei gawaliyar ke pass basuaa govindpur gaoo mei mana jata hai inke pita ka naam pandit keshav raye chobe tha bachpan mei hi wo apne pita ke sath gawaliyar se orcha nagar aa gaye the yaha par bihari ji ne aacharye keshav das ke pass kavye shastre ki shiksha prapt ki thi kuch hi samaye mei wo kavyeshatre mei parangatt ho gaye the bihari ko apne jeevan mei kitne katu anubhav prapt huye usne shayad hi hindhi sahitye ke kisi anye kavi kop rapt huye fir bhi jeevan ki sari katuta peekar inhone hindi sahitye ko amrit pradan kiya tha.

Bihari mirja raja jaysingh ke aashrit the kaha jata hai ki jaysingh apni nayi rani ke prem mei raj kajj bhi bhul gaye the.

Bijari ke is dohe ne raja jaysingh ko atyant prabhvit kiya or wo bhog vilas mei lipt rrehne ke sthan par punah rajye sambhndi karyo mei ruche lene lage the wo rajdarbar mei padhare or bihari ko sammanit kiya gaya aagra aane par inki bhet Rahim se huyi thi satsayi ki rachna ke pashchat biharu ka mann kavye rachnaa se bhar gaya tha or wo bhagwan ki bhakti mei lag gaye sann 1663 mei rasik shiromani biharilaal ka dehavasan ho gaya tha.

Bijhari vismaye kari srijankari pratibhaa se sampan kavi the unke dwara so se adhik doho ki rachna ki gayi ye dohhe vibhinnn vishyo evem bhavo par aadharit hai bihari ne apne eke k dohe mei gehan bhavo ko bharkar ki rachna mei shastriye niyamo ka purn roop se palan kiya gaya hai fir bhi inme nihit bhavaanubhuti sambhndi teevrta atyant sashakt hai.

Rachna

Bihari satsayi bihari ka ekmatre granth hai isme 723 dohe hai bihari satsayi ki gagar mei sagar ki sangya bhi di jati hai.

Bihari ne muktak sheely ka prayog kiya is sheely ke antrgrat hi inhone samas sheely ka vlakshan prayog bhi kiya hai is sheely ke madhyam se hi inhone dohe jese chand ko bhi sashakt bhavo se bhar diya hai.

Sumitranandan pant

Prakarti ke amaer kavivar sumitranandan pant ji ka janam sann 20 may 1900 ko almoda ke nikat kosani gram mei hua tha janam ke 6 ghante pashchat hi inki mat aka dehant ho gaya tha or pita tatah dadi ke vatsalye ki chaya mei inka prarambhuk lalan palan hua pant ji ki ucch shiksha ka pehla charan almoda mei pura hua tha yahi par inhone apna naaam gusayidatt se badalkar sumitranandan patt rakh liya tha Sann 1919b mei pant ji ne apne manjhle bhai ke sath banaras chale gaye the.