Viklang Ka Arth 

Viklang Ka Arth ek prakar ke vyakti se hota hai jo kisi angg ken a hone athwa uske bekar ho jane par ek samanye vyakti ke asamn karye nahi kar pata hai yadi kisi vyakti ki ek aankh nahi athwa veh ek kaan se nahi sunn pata hai toh yah viklang ke shreni mei nahi aata hai yadi kisis ko dono hi aankho se dikhayi nahi deta hai ya veh sunn nahi sakta hai uska ek hath athwa per nahi hai or samanye roopp se kama karne mei usey asuvidha hoti hai toh nishchye hi veh vyakti viklang hota hai kyoki aese sthiti mei veh samanye logo ki tarah kamm nahi kar sakta hai.

Viklangta ke kahi karan ho sakte hai janmandh se vyakti athwa janam se hi kisi angg ke karye na karne se saksham hone par parteh ilaj sambhav nahi ho pata hai aese vyaktito ko jane ke liye vishwesh parichye ki aavshyakta hoti hai andhe behro ke liye vishesh prakart ke schollo tatah vishesh lipi ka prayog kiya jata hai sarkar ko chahiye ki unhe vishesh sahayata pradan kare chtrevritiyo ki vyavstha kar unki shikshit or sabal banane mei madad kare unke shikshit tatah prashikshit hone ke bad unhe anukul kaam sopa jaye.

Dusre prakar ki viklangta veh hoti hai jo kisi devi prakop badh bhuchal aandhi tufan athwa durghtna ke karan utpann hoti hai unke liye kritim ango ke pratyaropan ki bhji vegyanik vyavstha hoti hai inme se kiuch ka ilaj sambhav hota hai.

Bharat mei viklangta ki samasya bade bhyankar roop mei hai nirdhnta iska mukhye karan hai janam ke uprant kuposhan ke karan bahut se bacche andhta tatah polio ke shikar ho jate hai unke ilaj ki bhi samuchit vyavstha nahi ho pati hai yahi karan hai ki viklango ki sankhya desh mei badhti ja rahi hai.
Kabhi kabhi log viklango ke prati bahut krur ho jate hai wo unke sath manviytata ka vyavhar karne ke bajaye unka uphas udane or chitkashi karne lagte hai unko upesha tatah grehna ki dristhi se dekhte hai jiske karan unme bnechargi ki hin bhavna ka vikas ho jata hai unme nirasha bhar jati hai unke jeevan unke liye abhishappo ho jata hai.

Hamara kartavye yah hai ki ham unke prati apna dristhikon badle unke prati manviyata ka bhav rakhe unme nihit hin bhavna ko dur kare unme aatjm vishwsa jagrat kare unke puranravas ke pratiprayatnsheel rahe unko yah anubhav karaye ki wo bhi samaj ka ek mehtavpurn angg hai unhe bhi samanye vyakti ke saman adhikar prapt hai wo bhi samaj ke sammanit nagrik hai tatah unhe bhi matdan ka adhikar hai.

Viklango ke punravas ke liye yah anivarye hai ki unhe dusro ke sqaman rojgar tatah vetan aadi diya jaye yadhyapi aesa karna kathinn avshye hai kyoki yaha shithil yuvak bhi berogjar ghumte hai tatahapi inke liye kuch sthan aarkahsit kiye ja sakte hai jo karye wo kar sakte hai unme unki shamtaoo ko upyog kiye jaye.

Hamare desh mei viklangta ka ek karan swarth anetikta anachar amanviyata tatah hridyehinta bhi hai kuch apradhi giroh bacho ka aprehan kar unhe land alula athwa andha banakar bhikh mangwate hai aese apradhi giroh ko pakadvana or dandit karna pratyek jimemdar nagrik ka kartavye hai is prakar ham viklango ki sankhya vriddhi tatah unke nasth hote jevan ki gati ko rok sakte hai.

Viklango ki sahayata se sanyukt rasthye sangh ne bhi mehtavpurn bhumika ka nirvah kiya hai 1981 ke viklang kalyan varsh ke uske prayas ke baad viklango ke prati janta ki dristhi mei bahut parivartan aaya hai bharat sarkar bhi nirantar unki dasha sudhrane ke liye prayatnsheel hai.