Raskhan Kavye

Inke dwara rachit mahgakavye shree ramchrit manas sampourbn vishwe sahitye ke adbhut grantho mei se ek hai shree ramcharit manas mei tulsi ke kaviroop bahktropop evem loknayak roop ka charam utkarsh dristhigichar hota hai is granth ke madhyam se inhone jin aadrsho ka bhavpurn chitran kiya hai wo yug yug ke tak manav samaj ka path pradarshan karte rahengy inki hjakti dasye bhav ki hai ye apnasampurn jeevan shreeram ke gungan mei hi laga dena chahte hai or vibhinn mato evem sampredayo mei samabgvaye ke uduyeshye se atynat prabhavpurn bhavo ki abhivyakti ki inka sampurn kavye shivam ki bhavna se ott pret hai.

Kritiya

Kavikulguru tulsidas ji ki 12 rachnaoo ka ullekh milta hai-

Ramlaala nahchu veragye sandipani ramagya sandipani janki mangal shreeramcvharit manas oarvati mangal geetavli vinaye patrika shreekrtishngaatevali barve ramayan dohavlaiu kavitavali.

Tulsidas ji ne tatkalin sabhi kavye sheliyo ka prayog apne mahakavuye mei kiya hai inhone shree ram charit manas mei prabhnd shelly vinaypatrika mei muktak shelly or doihavali mei sakhi shelly ka prayog kiya inke atikrikt or bhi kahi sheliyo ka prayog inki rachnaoo mei dekhne ko milta hai.

Raskhan

Raskhan ka pura naam seyayad Ibrahim raskhan tha inka janam sann 1533 ke lagbhag delhi mei hua mana jata hai inka jeevan vritt abhi bhi andhkar mei hai inka sambhand delhi ke rajvansh ser tha dr nagendree ke anusar in panktiyo mei ullekhit gadar or delhi ke shamshan ban jane ka samaye vidvano ne sann 15 mei anumanit kiya hai kyoki isey varsh mugal samrat humayu ne delhi ke survanshiye pathan shasako se apna khoya hua shasan adhikar punah hastagtt kiya tha is avsar par bhayankar nar sanjhar or vidhvans hona swabhaik tha or kavi prakarti ke komal hridye raskhan dwara us gadar ke tandav roop ko dekhkar virakt ho jana bhi aswabhavik nahi kavi ne jis badshaha vansh ki thasak ka tyag kiuya veh vahi pathan vansh pratit hota hai jiske shasan ka udaye shershaha suri ke sath sann 1528 mei hua or antt Ibrahim kahn tatah ahmed khan ke parasparik kalah ke karan sann 1533 ke aas pass sweekar kiya ja sakta hai kuch samaye pehle tak yah mana jata raha hai ki raskhan pihani ke sayyad ibrahikm ka hi upnam tha kintu parvarti anusandhano ke aadhar par yah dharna mithya siddh ho chuki hai oremvatika mei swayam kavi dwara delhi chodkar govardhan dham jakqar jane ke ullkeh se unka jama sthan evem prarambhik niwas delhi athwa uske aas pass hi maana uprayukt hai.

Ek janshurti ke anusar raskhan kisi stree se bahut prem karte the kintu veh unhe apmanit kiya karti thi veshnav dharam mei deksha lene par inka lokik prem alokik prem mei badal gaya tha or raskhan shree krishan ke ananye bhakt ban gaye the raskhan din raat sherre krishan ke prem mei tallin rehte the inhone govardhan dham mei jakar apna jeevan shree krishan ke bhajan kirtan mei laga diya tha veshanva dhram grehan karne par inhe sabne bahut darauya parantu shree krishan ke rang mei ran ge raskhan ne uttar diya tha.

Prasiddh hai ki raskhan ne goswami tulsidas vitthalnath ji se vallah sampredaye ke antragrat diksha li thi unke kavye mei anye vallbhanuyuayi krishan bhakt kaviyo jesi prem madhuri evem bhakti sheely mei is baat ki pusthi hoti hai ki do soso bavan veshnavan ki vbarta mei bhi unhe valabhsamoredaye nuyayai bataya gaya hai mul gusayi charit mei goswami tulsidas dwara swarcahity ramcharitmanas ki katha sarvpratham raskhan ko sunanne ka ullekh hai jamuna tatt petraye vatsar loo raskhanahi jayi sunavat bhi raskhan kavye ke praye sabhi samikshak is baat par sehmat hai ki premvatika unki antim kavye karuti hai sambhaveteh iski rachna ke kuch hi varsh pashchat sann 1618 kwe lagbhg unka dehavavasn ho gaya hoga.