Goswami Tulsidas

Surdas ji ki mrityu sann 1583 mei govardhan ke paas parsoliu namak gaoo mei huyi thi mrutyu ke samaye mahaprabhu vallbhacharye ke suputre vitthenathji vaha upsthit the antim samaye mei unhone guru vandana sambhndi pad gaya tha.

Kritiya

Bhakt shiromani surdas ne lagbhag sava lakh pado ki rachna aki thi kasha nagari pracharini sabha ki khoj tatah pustkalye mei surakshit namavali ke anusar surdas kje grantho ki sankhya 25 mani jati hai kintu unke teen granth hi uplabhd hi huye hai sursagar sursuravali sahitye lehri.

Surdas ne apni in rachnaoo mei shree krishan ki vividh leelkaoo ka varnan kiya hai inki kavita mei bhav paksh or kala paksh dono saman roopp se prabhav[urn hai sabhi pad gaye hai atah unme madhurye gunn ki pradhnta hai inko rachnaoo mei vyakt suksham dristhi ka hi kamal hai ki aalochak ab inke andha hone se mei bhi sandeh karne lage hai.

Surdas ji ne saral evem prabhavb[urn sheely ka prayog kiya hai inka kavye muktak sheely par adharit hai kartha varnana mei vranatmak shely ka prayog hua hai dristhkut pado mei kuch kilasthta ka samavesh avshye ho gaya hai.

Lojnayak goswami tulsidas ji ke jeevan charitre se sambhndit ;pramanik samagri abbhi tak nahi prapt ho saki hai dr nagendre dwara likhit hindi sahitye ka itihass mei unke sandhrb mei jo praman prastut kiye gaye hai wo is prakar hai benimadhav pranit mul gosayicharit tatah mahatama raghubaradas rachit rachna mei goswami tulsidas ji ki janam tithi shravan shukal saptami ka bhu uleekh hai is sambhgand hota hai.

Inke janam sthan ke sambnhand mei bhi paryapt matbhed hai tulsicharit mei inka jamasthan rajapur bataya gaya hai jo uttra Pradesh ke banda jile ka ek gaoo hai kuch vidvan tulsidas dwara rachit pankti mei puni nij guru san suti katah so sukrakhet ke aadhar par inka jamansthal eta jile ke soro namak sthan ko mante hai jabki kuch vidvano ka matt hai ki sukrakhet ko brhambash soro maan liya gaya hai vastuteh yah sthan aajmgandh jile mei sthit hai in teeni mato mei inke janamsthan ko rajapur manne wala matt hi sarvadhik uprayukt samgha jata hai janshrutiyo ke aadhar oar yah mana jata hai ki goswami tuslidass ke pita ka naam aatmrksha dube evem mat aka naam hulsi tha kaha jata hai mi inke mata pita ne inhe balyekall mei hi tyag diya tha kavitavali ke matu pita jag jayi tajyo bidhihu kich bhal bhala hai athwa baare te lalat billat ka bachpan anekanek aapdaoo ke beech vyait hua hai inka palan poshan prasiddh sant baba narhariudas ne kiya hai or inhe gyan evem bhakti ki shiksha pradan ki hai inhi ki kripa se tulsidas ji ved vyas darshan itihas puran aadi mei nishnat ho gaye the inka vivah pander dinbandhu pathak ki putri ratnavali se hua tha kaha jata hai ki ye apni rupvati patni ke prati atyedhik aasakt the is par inki patni ne ek baar inki nharthatsna karte hue kaha bhi tha.

Patni ki is fatkar ne tulsi ko sanskrik moh maya or bhogo se virakt kar diya tha inke hridye mei ram hakti jagrat ho uthi thi ghar ko tyagkar kuch din ye kashi mei rahe the iske baad ayodhya chale gaye the bahut dino tak ye chitrekut mei bhi rahe the yaha par unki bhett anke santo se huyi thi sann 1574 mei ayodhya jakar inhone shree ramcharimanas ki rachna kit hi yah rachna do varsh saat mas mei purn huyi thi iske baad inka adhikansh samaye kasha mei vyatit hua tha tatah sanvatt 1680 mei inki mrityu ho gayi thi inki mrityu ke sambhnd mei yah doha prasiddh ho sakta hai.